This Dartmouth Atlas report provides a comprehensive description of population-based patterns of newborn care across regions and hospitals for four large U.S. newborn populations: the U.S. total birth cohort, the Medicaid-insured newborns of Texas, and the commercial and Medicaid newborns insured by Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield plans. From this study population, medical care utilization of both mildly and very ill newborns is measured across all hospitals, regardless of whether care was provided in a neonatal intensive care unit. Similar analyses are also included from a groundbreaking study of Norwegian newborns, who share a high degree of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic similarity and receive care in a tightly organized national health service that offers services equitably to all.

Authors: Dartmouth Atlas Project

Publication Date: June 2019

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